Kafka Connect - HDFS with Hive Integration - SchemaProjectorException - Schema version required

Datetime:2016-08-22 21:50:51          Topic: Apache Kafka  HDFS  Hive           Share

I've been doing some noodling around with Confluent's Kafka Connect recently, as part of gaining a wider understanding into Kafka. If you're not familiar with Kafka Connect this page gives a good idea of the thinking behind it.

One issue that I hit defeated my Google-fu so I'm recording it here to hopefully help out fellow n00bs.

The pipeline that I'd set up looked like this:

  • Eneco's Twitter Source streaming tweets to a Kafka topic
  • Confluent'sHDFS Sink to stream tweets to HDFS and define Hive table automagically over them

It worked great, but only if I didn't enable the Hive integration part. For me the integration with Hive to automatically define schemas was one of the key interests for this platform, so I wanted to see if I could get it to work. The error I got was

org.apache.kafka.connect.errors.SchemaProjectorException: Schema version required for BACKWARD compatibility

The long and short of it was that I was using the wrong Converter class for the data that was being written and read by Kafka - instead of Avro I'd used Json.

I'd used /etc/kafka/connect-standalone.properties , just copying and pasting examples from the docs, and then gone off on my own config without thinking about it much further. This meant that instead of io.confluent.connect.avro.AvroConverter for key.converter and value.converter I was using org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonConverter . When you think about it, if you want a schema defined in Hive it's got to come from somewhere; the Avro schema registry that Kafka Connect provides. Once I switched my config to use /etc/schema-registry/connect-avro-standalone.properties everything worked just perfectly!

You can find the configuration files on gist here .

(photo credit: https://unsplash.com/@dan_carl5on )





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