Node.js: uWebSockets 0.8.0 adds Windows support

Datetime:2016-08-22 23:02:17         Topic: Node.js          Share        Original >>
Here to See The Original Article!!!

µWS is one of the most lightweight, efficient & scalable WebSocket server implementations available. It features an easy-to-use, fully async object-oriented interface and scales to millions of connections using only a fraction of memory compared to the competition. While performance and scalability are two of our top priorities, we consider security, stability and standards compliance paramount. License is zlib/libpng (very permissive & suits commercial applications).

  • Autobahn testsall pass.
  • Linux, OS X & Windows support.
  • Valgrind clean.
  • Built-in load balancing and multi-core scalability.
  • SSL/TLS support & integrates with foreign HTTPS servers.
  • Permessage-deflate built-in.
  • Node.js binding exposed as the well-known ws interface.
  • 10-300x faster than ws (if they are "fastest", we are "fastester").
  • Default engine in SocketCluster &, optional in Socket.IO & Primus.

Benchmarks table -validate

Implementation User space memory scaling Connection performance Short message throughput Huge message throughput
libwebsockets 2.0 µWS is 11x as lightweight µWS is equal in performance µWS is 6x as performant µWS is 4x in performance
ws v1.1.0 + binary addons µWS is 47x as lightweight µWS is 18x as performant µWS is 33x as performant µWS is 2x as performant
WebSocket++ v0.7.0 µWS is 63x as lightweight µWS is 4x as performant µWS is 3x as performant µWS is 2x as performant
Kaazing Gateway Community 5.0.0 µWS is 62x as lightweight µWS is 15x as performant µWS is 18x as performant unable to measure

Benchmarks are run with default settings in all libraries, except for ws which is run with the native performance addons. These results were achieved with the native C++ server, not the Node.js addon. Expect worse performance and scalability when using Node.js (don't worry, the Node.js addon will run circles around ws ).

Built with µWS SocketCluster



We built µWS with the existing Node.js infrastructure in mind. That's why we target the widespread ws interface, allowing us to seamlessly integrate with projects like SocketCluster,, Socket.IO & Primus.


µWS is the default engine in SocketCluster as of 5.0.0.

µWS is the default engine in as of 1.0.0.


Use the new wsEngine: 'uws' option like so:

var io = require('')(80, { wsEngine: 'uws' });

This option has not yet been released, one alternative way of enabling uws in current versions of Socket.IO is:

var io = require('')(80); = new (require('uws').Server)({
    noServer: true,
    perMessageDeflate: false


Set 'uws' as transformer:

var primus = new Primus(server, { transformer: 'uws' });


If your code directly relies on ws you can simply swap require('ws') with require('uws') :

var WebSocketServer = require('uws').Server;
var wss = new WebSocketServer({ port: 8080 });

wss.on('connection', function (ws) {
    ws.on('message', function (message) {
        console.log('received: ' + message);



For maximum performance and memory scaling the native interface is recommended. Look in the examples folder for threading and load balancing examples. There is no documentation written yet but a bright person like you will have no problem just reading the header file.

int main()
    /* this is an echo server that properly passes every supported Autobahn test */
    uWS::Server server(3000);
    server.onConnection([](uWS::WebSocket socket) {
        cout << "[Connection] clients: " << ++connections << endl;

    server.onMessage([](uWS::WebSocket socket, char *message, size_t length, uWS::OpCode opCode) {
        socket.send(message, length, opCode);

    server.onDisconnection([](uWS::WebSocket socket) {
        cout << "[Disconnection] clients: " << --connections << endl;

Quality control

  • Valgrind clean.
  • Autobahn testsall pass.
  • All Primus transformer integration tests pass.
  • All Engine.IO server tests pass.
  • Small & efficient code base.


Node.js developers

  • Node.js 4.x, 5.x & 6.x supported
  • Linux, Mac OS X & Windows supported

Windows version requires Node.js 6.4.0+

C++ developers


First of all you need to install the required dependencies. On Unix systems this is typically done via package managers, like homebrew in the case of OS X or dnf in the case of Fedora Linux. On Windows you need to search the web for pre-compiled binaries or simply compile the dependencies yourself.

  • libuv 1.x
  • OpenSSL 1.0.x
  • zlib 1.x
  • CMake 3.x


Obviously you will need to clone this repo to get the sources. We use CMake as build system.

  • git clone && cd uWebSockets
  • cmake .

Now, on Unix systems it should work by simply running make . Run [sudo] make install as you wish.

Windows, in all its glory

If you are running Windows you should now have a bunch of Visual Studio project files and one solution file. Open the solution file, now you need to make sure the header include paths and library paths are all set according to where you installed the dependencies. You might also need to change the names of the libraries being linked against, all according to the names of the installed library files. You know the drill.


Put your ads here, just $200 per month.