HDFS configure with Zookeeper

Datetime:2016-08-23 00:32:23          Topic: HDFS  ZooKeeper           Share

This paragraph describes the HDFS configure progress on Azure Cloud Server. You need have a azure account to login in and purchase the platform you will perform on. Here is my platform construction details to share with you.

  • Unbuntu 14.0 LTS


$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install lvm2
// find the disk, using dmesg | grep SCSI
# grep SCSI /var/log/dmesg
$ sudo fdisk /dev/sdc -> n,p,1, enter, enter, p, w
$ sudo fdisk /dev/sdd -> n,p,1, enter, enter, p, w
$ sudo fdisk /dev/sde -> n,p,1, enter, enter, p, w
$ sudo fdisk /dev/sdf -> n,p,1, enter, enter, p, w
$ sudo pvcreate /dev/sdc1
$ sudo pvcreate /dev/sdd1
$ sudo pvcreate /dev/sde1
$ sudo pvcreate /dev/sdf1
// sudo pvscan
// merge all the drives together
$ sudo vgcreate datadrive /dev/sdc1 /dev/sdd1 /dev/sde1 /dev/sdf1
// sudo vgdisplay
$ sudo lvcreate -l 100%FREE datadrive -n example-log -I 64 -i 4
// sudo lvdisplay
// sudo lvcreate -i <number of physical volumes to stripe> -I (大写i)<size of stripe in killobytes> -L <size in megabytes>M <name of virtual group>
$ sudo mkfs -t ext4 /dev/datadrive/example-log
$ sudo mkdir /datasource
$ sudo mount /dev/datadrive/example-log /datasource
  • Automatic Mount configure ( fstab )
sudo blkid
sudo vim /etc/fstab
/dev/mapper/datadrive-example--datalog: UUID="b2e83db3-41b9-4f78-8b1f-f196bb9b9b6f" TYPE="ext4"

UUID=b2e83db3-41b9-4f78-8b1f-f196bb9b9b6f /datadrive ext4 defaults 0 0
// An example from mine (bolded GUID is from my blkid, be sure to change it!): UUID=63ab0827-4698-427a-818a-279b18886757 /mnt/datadrive ext3 defaults 0 0
// $ sudo chroot /target
// Test disk write speed
$ time sh -c "sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/datasource/temp bs=4k count=2000000 && sync"


  • Login in http://manage.windowsazure.com , build the server on Azure
    • Set the host: example-hadoop.cloudapp.net
    • Create VM (Ubuntu 14 LTS), with 8 cores and 14GB RAM
      • example-data01, example-data02, example-data03, example-data04
    • Hadoop FAQ
  • ssh-keygen
admin@example-data01 $ cd .ssh
$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -> enter, enter, enter
$ cat id_rsa.pub >> authorized_keys
// test the key: $ ssh localhost -> successfully
$ scp authorized_keys admin@example-data02:~/.ssh/
$ scp authorized_keys admin@example-data03:~/.ssh/
// test $ ssh example-data02

Download the Hadoop Binary on each node

$ Install java on ubuntu
$ wget http://mirrors.cnnic.cn/apache/hadoop/common/stable/hadoop-2.7.1.tar.gz
$ tar xvf hadoop-2.7.1.tar.gz
$ mv hadoop-2.7.1 hadoop

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